SPEYER, SIR EDGAR (1862–1932), British railway financier. Edgar Speyer, a member of the famous German banking family, was born in Frankfurt and came to England in 1887 as a director of Speyer Brothers, the family bank, engaged in currency exchange and railway finance. He was naturalized in 1892. From the mid-1890s he was one of the most important figures in procuring the finance and development of London's "tubes," its electric-powered subways, usually in conjunction with the American railway builder C.T. Yerkes. London's Underground system owes much to Speyer. He was made a baronet (a hereditary knight) in 1906 and was made a member of the Privy Council in 1909. During World War I, Speyer was the victim of a concerted, highly unpleasant campaign against him as an alleged pro-German. In 1915 he offered to resign as a privy councilor, but the offer was declined by the prime minister; at nearly the same time, a lawsuit was brought against him and Sir ernest cassel , another German-born member, requiring them to justify their continued membership. As a result of these pressures, Speyer moved permanently to New York. According to historians, however, there seems no doubt that Speyer was, in some sense, pro-German and was in regular touch with his Frankfurt business. In 1921 he was struck off the list of privy councilors and was accused, in a government white paper, of "trading with the enemy" in wartime. He continued to live in New York but died after an operation in Germany, ironically less than a year before Hitler came to power. -BIBLIOGRAPHY: ODNB online; D. Kynaston, The City of London, I (1994). (William D. Rubinstein (2nd ed.)

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Edgar Speyer — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Edgar Speyer Sir Edgar Speyer , baronet,(7 de septiembre de 1862 16 de febrero de 1932) fue un filántropo y financista estadounidense.[1] …   Wikipedia Español

  • Edgar Speyer — Infobox Person caption = Sir Edgar Speyer by Sir William Orpen, 1914 name = Sir Edgar Speyer birth date = 7 September 1862 birth place = New York death date = 16 February 1932 death place = Berlin residence = nationality = American/British… …   Wikipedia

  • Leonora Speyer — Infobox Person caption = Lady Speyer by John Singer Sargent, 1907 name = Leonora Speyer birth date = November 7 1872 [cite web url=http://blog.syracuse.com/shelflife/2007/11/writers born this day 175.html title= Writers born on this day… …   Wikipedia

  • Leonora Speyer — (Ölgemälde von John Singer Sargent, 1907) …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Underground Electric Railways Company of London — Geographic map of the UERL s three deep level tube lines in 1907 Part of a series of article …   Wikipedia

  • Her Majesty's Most Honourable Privy Council — is a body of advisors to the British Sovereign. Its members are largely senior politicians, who were or are members of either the House of Commons of the United Kingdom or House of Lords.The Privy Council was formerly a powerful institution, but… …   Wikipedia

  • Instruments de Stradivarius — Los Decorados, « Stradivarius » exposé au Palais royal de Madrid …   Wikipédia en Français

  • List of Privy Counsellors (1901–1910) — This is a List of Privy Counsellors of the United Kingdom appointed during the reign of King Edward VII, from 1901 to 1910. = Edward VII, 1901 1910 = 1901*William Dalrymple Maclagan (1826–1910) [http://www.londongazette.co.uk/ViewPDF.aspx?pdf=2727… …   Wikipedia

  • Terra Nova Expedition — Scott s party at the South Pole, 18 January 1912. L to R: (standing) Oates, Scott, Wilson; (seated) Bowers, Edgar Evans The Terra Nova Expedition (1910–1912), officially the British Antarc …   Wikipedia

  • SS George Washington — was an ocean liner built in 1908 for the Bremen based North German Lloyd and was named after George Washington, the first President of the United States. The ship was also known as USS George Washington (ID 3018) and USAT George Washington in… …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.